How Did Your Dog’s Breed Get Its Name? (198 Dog Name Origins)


How Did Your Dog’s Breed Get Its Name? (198 Dog Name Origins)

Have you ever wondered how a dog breed got its name? Me too. In this article, we go through the origins of each dog breed’s name.

The list of 198 dog breeds comes from the dog breeds registered with the American Kennel Club.

All names are in alphabetical order.

How Each Dog Breed Got Its Name

Here is the name origin for each dog breed listed in the American Kennel Club. We only used the names listed in each of the American Kennel Clubs seven dog breed groups.

  • Herding Group (31 Breeds)
  • Hound Group (32 Breeds)
  • Toy Group (21 Breeds)
  • Non-Sporting Group (20 Breeds)
  • Sporting Group (32 Breeds)
  • Terrier Group (31 Breeds)
  • Working Group (31 Breeds)

Each name has been painstakingly searched for, and if there are any mistakes please leave a comment below to have it corrected. 

The hardest part of putting this list together is that many breeds have different stories as to how they got their name. 

We tried our best in making this the most accurate list for you by finding reputable websites like the American Kennel Club to get our information.

Enjoy!

American Kennel Club’s Dog Breeds A to Z (Name History)

Affenpinscher
Affenpinscher

1) Affenpinscher

This German breed was developed to hunt rats in the 1600s. Its name translates to monkey dog or ape terrier. (Source)

Afghan Hound
Afghan Hound

2) Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is one of the oldest breeds known. Its name comes from its probable origin. 

Although that predates written history. It is believed to have originated from the area that encompasses Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan. (Source)

Airedale Terrier
Airedale Terrier

3) Airedale Terrier

The Airedale Terrier is named for its place or origin. The Aire Valley is located in the northern section of England, where this breed was developed. (Source)

Akita
Akita

4) Akita

The Akita is named for its place of origin. They were developed in the Japanese prefecture of Akita. (Source)

Alaskan Malamute
Alaskan Malamute

5) Alaskan Malamute

This breed from Alaska is named for its developers. The Mahlemiut tribe are responsible for the development of this particular breed. (Source)

American English Coonhound
American English Coonhound

6) American English Coonhound

The American English Coonhound is named for both its ancestral bloodlines and place of origin. They descend from the English Foxhounds that were brought to America and breed to hunt raccoons. (Source)

American Eskimo Dog
American Eskimo Dog

7) American Eskimo Dog

This breed, formerly known as the German Spitz had its name changed after WWI. A breeder in Ohio came up with the name American Eskimo dog. (Source)

American Foxhound
American Foxhound

8) American Foxhound

The American Foxhound gets its name from its place of origin. George Washington and many other prominent Americans loved to hunt foxes. 

They brought Foxhounds from England and France and the American Foxhound was born. (Source)

American Hairless Terrier
American Hairless Terrier

9) American Hairless Terrier

The American Hairless Terriers name for its place of origin. This breed was developed in the United States and is hairless. (Source)

American Staffordshire Terrier
American Staffordshire Terrier

10) American Staffordshire Terrier

The American Staffordshire Terrier is named for its place of origin. In the US Americans bred a larger version of the Staffordshire terrier, which originated from Staffordshire England. (Source)

American Water Spaniel
American Water Spaniel

11) American Water Spaniel

The American Water Spaniel was developed in the upper Midwest of the United States as a breed to help hunters retrieve waterfowl. Thus the name American Water Spaniel. (Source)

Anatolian Shepherd Dog
Anatolian Shepherd Dog

12) Anatolian Shepherd Dog

The Anatolian Shepherd dog is named for its place of origin. The Turkish breed was developed in Anatolia, the Asian part of Turkey. (Source)

Australian Cattle Dog
Australian Cattle Dog

13) Australian Cattle Dog

The Australian Cattle Dogs was developed in Australia to help with the continent’s beef industry. They needed a dog that was suitable for the high temperatures, rough terrain, and vast distances needed to travel. 

Hence the dog became known as the Australian Cattle Dog. (Source)

Australian Shepherd
Australian Shepherd

14) Australian Shepherd

The Australian Shepherd gets its name because of a misunderstanding. This occurred when Basque Shepherds traveled from Australia to California with their herding dogs, which were an intentional mix breed with Pyrenean Shepherd, Collies, and Border Collies among others. 

The Californians assumed this was an Australian dog breed and the name stuck. (Source)

Australian Terrier
Australian Terrier

15) Australian Terrier

The Australian Terrier is named for its place of origin. English settlers brought terriers to Australia. (Source)

Azawakh
Azawakh

16) Azawakh

The Azawakh’s name comes from its place of origin. The breed is from the Azawakh Valley, an area near Mali and Niger. 

Its local name means sighthound of the free people.  (Source)

Barbet
Barbet

17) Barbet

This French breed is named for its coat. It has a distinct beard called a French Barb. This is where the breed’s name comes from. (Source)

Basenji
Basenji

18) Basenji

The Basenji is an ancient breed that was once given as gifts in ancient Egypt. The name Basenji translates to the jumping up and down dog. (Source)

Basset Hound
Basset Hound

19) Basset Hound

Basset Hounds are a breed that originated in France and Belgium. Its name comes from its stature. Basset in French translates to low. (Source)

Beagle
Beagle

20) Beagle

The Beagle is an ancient breed and its name origin is contested. Some believe it’s a reference to the Gaelic word Beag, which means little. 

Others believe that it comes from the French term be’geule. This is the sound hounds make while hunting. (Source)

Bearded Collie
Bearded Collie

21) Bearded Collie

The Bearded Collies are named for their shaggy coats and hairy faces. They are formerly known as Scotch Sheepdog, Mountain Collie, Highland Collie, and Hairy Mou’ed Collie. 

Bearded Collie’s are valued for their ability to herd cattle and sheep. (Source)

Beauceron
Beauceron

22) Beauceron

The Beauceron is a shepherd that originates from France. It is named for a large agricultural region to the southwest of Paris. 

The Beauceron also goes by the names Berger de Bauce and Bas Rouge, or Beauce Shepherd and red stockings, a reference to the coloration of the breeds’ paws. (Source)

Bedlington Terrier
Bedlington Terrier

23) Bedlington Terrier

The Bedlington Terrier is named for its place of origin. In this case, Bedlington is a mining shire in Northumberland, England. (Source)

Belgian Laekenois

24) Belgian Laekenois

The Belgian Laekenois is named for the town of Laeken. This Belgium sheepdog serves as a messenger dog in WWI and WWII. (Source)

Belgian Malinois
Belgian Malinois

25) Belgian Malinois

The name Belgian Malinois derives from the area in Belgium that this breed originated. This is the city of Malines, which is in the northwest area of Belgium. 

In some countries, the Belgian Malinois is known as a Belgian Sheepdog. This classification also includes the Tervuren, Laekenois, and Belgian Shepherd. (Source)

Belgian Sheepdog
Belgian Sheepdog

26) Belgian Sheepdog

Belgium Sheepdog is well known for its dairy farming and livestock. In order to keep up with demand, the Belgians needed a reliable Cattle herding dog. 

They were formerly known as the Groenendael due to an important breeder named Nicolas Rose, who owned a restaurant named the Chateau Groenendael. (Source

Belgian Tervuren
Belgian Tervuren

27) Belgian Tervuren

Named for the town of Tervuren, which happened to be the home of M.F. Corbeel. Corbeel was a master breeder and helped to standardize the Tervuren.

It is known as the Chien de Berger Belge or Belgian sheepdog in its native land. (Source)

Bergamasco
Bergamasco

28) Bergamasco

The Bergamasco’s name derives from a town that it is strongly associated with, Bergamo. The Italian town is close to Milan and has been home to the breed for centuries. (Source

Berger Picard

29)  Berger Picard

The Berger Picard is named after the region in France from which it originates, Picardy.

In some countries, it is known as the Picardy Shepherd. In fact, Berger Picard translates to Picard Shepherd. (Source)

Bernese Mountain Dog
Bernese Mountain Dog

30) Bernese Mountain Dog

This Swiss breed is named for its place of origin. They were developed in the mountainous canton of Bern. (Source)

Bichon Frise
Bichon Frise

31) Bichon Frise

The Bichon Frise gets its name from France, where it was an aristocratic lapdog. They were called Bichon a Poil Frise or Bichon of the curly hair. Bichon in French means small dog. (Source

Black and Tan Coonhound
Black and Tan Coonhound

32) Black and Tan Coonhound

The Black and Tan Coonhounds name derives from the purpose of the breed. They were made to hunt raccoons in the American frontier. 

Their color scheme is the source of the rest of its name. (Source)

Black Russian Terrier
Black Russian Terrier

33) Black Russian Terrier

This Russian breed is named for the all-black color of its coat. (Source)

Bloodhound
Bloodhound

34) Bloodhound

The Bloodhound’s name comes from its origin. The breeding program that led to the creation of the Bloodhound was so precise it became known as blooded hounds.

 Blooded refers to aristocratic blood. (Sources)

Bluetick Coonhound
Bluetick Coonhound

35) Bluetick Coonhound

The Bluetick Coonhound is named for its coat and its job. These hounds were bred to hunt raccoons in the United States.

 The blue tick refers to their black and blue ticked coat. (Source)

Boerboel
Boerboel

36) Boerboel

The South African Boerboel has a name that roughly translates to a farmer’s dog in Dutch. (Source)

Border Collie
Border Collie 

37) Border Collie 

The Border Collie was originally developed in Scotland and did well at its job as a sheepdog. 

The area the Border Collie worked in was the region on the border of Scotland and England. Hence its name Border. 

The word “collie” is a Scotch word used to describe sheepdogs. Because this breed flourished in the border region, it was christened the “Border Collie.” (Source)

Border Terrier
Border Terrier

38) Border Terrier

The Border Terrier is named for its place of origin. It was bred on the border of England and Scotland. (Source)

Borzoi
Borzoi

39) Borzoi

Borzoi comes from the Russian word borzyi, which means swift. These dogs were used to hunt wolves in Russia. (Source)

Boston Terrier
Boston Terrier

40) Boston Terrier

The Boston terrier is named for its place of origin. The ancestor of all Boston Terriers, Judge, was housed in Boston, Massachusetts and the breed grew from there. (Source)

Bouvier des Flandres
Bouvier des Flandres

41) Bouvier des Flandres

The Bouvier des Flanders was renowned as a herder, watchdog, guardian, and cart puller. Its name comes from its region of origin, Flanders. 

This area encompasses parts of modern-day France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Bouvier des Flanders translates to Cowherd of Flanders. (Source)

Boxer
Boxer

42) Boxer

The Boxer is named for the way it fights. They tend to use their paws as a boxer would. (Source)

Boykin Spaniel
Boykin Spaniel

43) Boykin Spaniel

The Boykin Spaniel is named for its place of origin. The South Carolina community of Boykin is the area this breed was created in. It is also the official dog of South Carolina. (Source)

Briard
Briard

44) Briard

The Briard is a great sheepherder and tough guardians. They are names for the region of France from which they derive. 

Brie, which is famous for its cheese, valued these dogs as herders and guardians. Their French name is Chien Berger de Brie, or Brie Shepherd Dog. (Source

Brittany
Brittany

45) Brittany

The Brittany is named for its place of origin. Brittany is an area of France that stretches from the English Channel to the Bay of Biscay. (Source)

Brussels Griffon
Brussels Griffon

46) Brussels Griffon

The Brussels Griffon was developed in Brussels Belgium. They were originally known as griffons d’ecurie or wire coated stable dogs. (Source)

Bull Terrier
Bull Terrier

47) Bull Terrier

The Bull Terrier is named for its ancestral past. The breed was a mix of Bulldogs and other Terriers, thus the name. (Source)

Bulldog
Bulldog

48) Bulldog

Bulldogs are named for the sport they were bred for. Bull Baiting required packs of dogs to fight a bull. Bulldogs were bred for this purpose by the English. (Source

Bullmastiff
Bullmastiff

49) Bullmastiff

The Bullmastiff is named for its genetics. The breed is a combination of bulldog and mastiffs. (Source)

Cairn Terrier
Cairn Terrier

50) Cairn Terrier

The Cairn Terrier is named for its job. In Scotland, the breed was used to clear rodents from cairns, or graves. (Source)

Cane Corso
Cane Corso

51) Cane Corso

The Cane Corsos name comes from a few places. Cane means dog in Italian. Corso is a reference to the Latin Cohors or guardian. (Source)

No Photo For Cannan Dog

52) Cannan Dog

Cannan dogs are named after their region of origin. This is an area of the middle east that includes parts of modern-day Israel, Lebanon, and small parts of other bordering countries. (Source)

Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Cardigan Welsh Corgi

53) Cardigan Welsh Corgi

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one of the oldest breeds in Britain. The name Corgi comes from an ancient Celtic meaning dog.

The rest of its name comes from Cardiganshire, Wales, a medieval kingdom home to the breed. (Source)

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

54) Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was brought about by Roswell Eldridge. He loved the old style spaniels beloved by King Charles I and II. 

 Cavalier refers to the monarchist party. They ultimately helped lead to the demise of King Charles I. (Source)

Cesky Terrier
Cesky Terrier

55) Cesky Terrier

The Cesky Terrier is named for its place of origin. This breed was born in the Czech Republic. Cesky means and is pronounced like Czech. (Source)

Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Chesapeake Bay Retriever

56) Chesapeake Bay Retriever

The Chesapeake Bay Retriever is named for its place of origin. Americans living in the Chesapeake Bay area developed this breed to help retrieve ducks from the bay. (Source)

Chihuahua
Chihuahua

57) Chihuahua

The famed Chihuahua is named for the Mexican state of Chihuahua, where Americans began to have an interest in the breed. (Source)

Chinese Crested
Chinese Crested

58) Chinese Crested

The Chinese Crested was a ship dog for the Chinese who helped with ship rats. The word crested refers to the fur on their head. (Source)

Chinese Shar-Pei
Chinese Shar-Pei

59) Chinese Shar-Pei

The Chinese Shar-Pei gets its name from its coat. Shar-Pei translates to sand-skin. This is a reference to its rough sandy coat. (Source

No Photo For The Chinook Dog Breed

60) Chinook

These sled dogs are named after their creator’s lead sled dog Chinook. The name is Native American for warm wind. (Source)

Chow Chow
Chow Chow

61) Chow Chow

The name Chow Chow comes from an old English expression which meant etcetera. When the English got these dogs from China, they were labeled under other miscellaneous items or Chow Chow. (Source)

Cirneco Dell’Etna
Cirneco Dell’Etna

62) Cirneco Dell’Etna

The Cirneco is an offshoot of a dog that was bartered across the Mediterranean. Cirneco is Greek for a dog of Cyrene aka Libya.

 Dell’Etna refers to Mount Etna, Europe’s largest active volcano. (Source)

Clumber Spaniel
Clumber Spaniel

63) Clumber Spaniel

The Clumber Spaniel is named for the estate of its creator. In the 1700s the Duke of Newcastle perfected the Clumber Spaniel and they were named for his estate Clumber Park.  (Source)

Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniel

64) Cocker Spaniel

The Cocker Spaniel is named for its quarry. The Cocker Spaniel was bred to specialize on woodcock. (Source)

Collie
Collie

65) Collie

The Collie is a herding dog that rose to fame in the 19th century when Queen Victoria popularized the breed among her court. 

It is believed that its name derives from a type of sheep called a Colley. (Source)

Coton De Tulear
Coton De Tulear

66) Coton De Tulear

The Coton De Tulear is named for its coat. Coton is French for Cotton, which describes its white fluffy coat. Tulear is a seaport town in Madagascar where the breed was loved by nobles. (Source)

Curly-Coated Retriever
Curly-Coated Retriever

67) Curly-Coated Retriever

The Curly-Coated Retriever is named for its distinctive Curly Coat. (Source)

Dachshund
Dachshund

68) Dachshund

Dachshunds originate from Germany. In German, its name means Badger dog.  They hunted badgers, and packs could take down wild boar. (Source)

Dalmatian
Dalmatian

69) Dalmatian

The Dalmatian gets its name from a region it became closely associated with. Dalmatia is an area of Central Europe close to the Adriatic Sea. (Source)

Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Dandie Dinmont Terrier

70) Dandie Dinmont Terrier

The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is named for a character created by Scottish novelist Sir Walker Scott that was named Dandie Dinmont. (Source)

Doberman Pinscher
Doberman Pinscher

71) Doberman Pinscher

This German breed is named for its creator. Louis Dobermann developed the breed to help collect taxes. (Source)

Dogo Argentino
Dogo Argentino

72) Dogo Argentino

This Argentinian breed is named for its place of origin. Its name translates to the Argentine dog. (Source)

Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux

73) Dogue de Bordeaux

This French breed is named for its place of origin. Dogue de Bordeaux translates to Mastiff of Bordeaux, a city in France. (Source)

English Cocker Spaniel
English Cocker Spaniel

74) English Cocker Spaniel

The English Cocker Spaniel is the English Variant of the Cocker Spaniel. Named for its quarry, the woodcock. (Source)

English Foxhound
English Foxhound

75) English Foxhound

The English Foxhound originated in England. Hunting foxes were a big pastime in England and this breed was the premier foxhunting breed in England. (Source)

English Setter
English Setter

76) English Setter

The English Setter is named for its place of origin and how it functioned in the field. In England, these setters were taught to lay down quietly (set) when they found birds. (Source

English Springer Spaniel
English Springer Spaniel

77) English Springer Spaniel

The English Springer Spaniel was a breed developed in England. They were bred to help hunters by flushing out or springing birds. (Source)

English Toy Spaniel
English Toy Spaniel

78) English Toy Spaniel

The English Toy Spaniel is named for both its size and its place of origin. This breed was created in the Victoria era of Great Britain. (Source)

Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Entlebucher Mountain Dog

79) Entlebucher Mountain Dog

The name of this breed comes from its place of origin, the area encompassing the valley of the Entlebuch river. 

It is also known as der Lachen Hunden or the laughing dog because of its love for its work. (Source)

Field Spaniel
Field Spaniel

80) Field Spaniel

The Field Spaniel was bred specifically as a show dog. It’s named for its history, as its predecessors were springers and would flush out birds in the field. (Source)

No Photo For A Finish Spitz

81) Finish Spitz

The Finish Spitz is named for its place of origin. When Russian Migrants went to Finland they brought their Spitzes with them. These would eventually become Finish Spitzes. (Source)

Finnish Lapphund
Finnish Lapphund

82) Finnish Lapphund

This breed’s name comes from the Sami people that inhabit Lapland, they are sometimes referred to as the Lapp people.

They inhabit an area north of the Arctic circle. This area includes parts of Russia, Sweden, Norway, and Finland. (Source)

Flat-Coated Retriever
Flat-Coated Retriever

83) Flat-Coated Retriever

The flat coat retriever is named for its coat. The coat helps the dog retrieve waterfowl in very cold temperatures. (Source)

French Bulldog
French Bulldog

84) French Bulldog

The French bulldog is named for its place of origin. When English lacemakers moved to France, their Bulldogs came along with them. (Source)

German Pinscher
German Pinscher

85) German Pinscher

This German breed is named for its ability to pincer, or nip. (Source)

German Shepherd Dog
German Shepherd Dog

86) German Shepherd Dog

The German Shepherd dog’s name comes from its country of origin Germany. 

They were originally shepherd dogs, though in the 1800s Max Von Stephanitz helped develop the breed into what it is today. (Source)

German Shorthaired Pointer
German Shorthaired Pointer

87) German Shorthaired Pointer

The German Shorthaired Pointer has a few elements to its name. They were bred in Germany and this particular breed has short hair. They were used as pointers, to alert hunters to their quarry. (Source)

German Wirehaired Pointer
German Wirehaired Pointer

88) German Wirehaired Pointer

The German Wirehaired Pointer is another pointer breed originating from Germany. This breed has weather repellant, harsh, wiry hair. (Source)

Giant Schnauzer
Giant Schnauzer

89) Giant Schnauzer

The Giant Schnauzer is named for its size. It is the largest of the Schnauzers. (Source)

Glen of Imaal Terrier
Glen of Imaal Terrier

90) Glen of Imaal Terrier

The Glen of Imaal Terrier is named for its place of origin. They come from the remote Glen of Imaal, Ireland. (Source)

Golden Retriever
Golden Retriever

91) Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is named for its famous golden coat. It was bred to retrieve waterfowl. (Source)

Gordon Setter
Gordon Setter

92) Gordon Setter

The Gordon Setter is named for Alexander Gordon. Gordon was instrumental to the breed’s development. Setter dogs lay down when they locate birds. (Source)

Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen
Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen

93) Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen

The Grand Basset Griffon Vendeen is a breed from France whose name roughly translates to the large, low, shaggy dog of the Vende. (Source)

Great Dane
Great Dane

94) Great Dane

The Great Dane is named for its size. Though its name would suggest an origin in Denmark the breed actually comes from Germany. (Source)

Great Pyrenees
Great Pyrenees

95) Great Pyrenees

The Great Pyrenees are named for their size and place of origin. They were developed in the Pyrenees Mountains. (Source)

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

96) Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

This Swiss mountain breed is named for its large size. (Source)

Greyhound
Greyhound

97) Greyhound

The Greyhound’s name is disputed but it looks as though the name comes from its color and the word hound. This comes from an old English time. See more in the source… (Source)

Harrier
Harrier

98) Harrier

The Harrier is named for the hares that the breed was made to hunt. They happen to be one of the rarest breeds in the AKC. (Source)

Havanese
Havanese

99) Havanese

The Havanese are named for their place of origin, Havana Cuba. Cubans that fled into the United States brought the breed with them. (Source)

Ibizan Hound
Ibizan Hound

100) Ibizan Hound

The Ibizan Hound is named for its place of origin. It comes from the island of Ibiza, which is one of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean. (Source)

Icelandic Sheepdog
Icelandic Sheepdog

101) Icelandic Sheepdog.

The Icelandic sheepdog is named for its place of origin. When Norse settlers arrived in Iceland they brought their dogs, meant to herd sheep.

 These became known as Icelandic Sheepdogs. (Source)

Irish Red and White Setter
Irish Red and White Setter

102) Irish Red and White Setter

The Irish red and white setter is named for its red and white coat. They were bred to sit or lay still when they discovered birds. (Source)

Irish Setter
Irish Setter

103) Irish Setter

The Irish Setter is named for its place of origin. These Irish dogs were bred to sit or lay quietly when they found birds. (Source)

Irish Terrier
Irish Terrier

104) Irish Terrier

The Irish Terrier is named for its place of origin, Ireland. (Source)

Irish Water Spaniel
Irish Water Spaniel

105) Irish Water Spaniel

The Irish water spaniel was bred in Ireland to retrieve fowl from the frigid waters of the North Sea. (Source)

Irish Wolfhound
Irish Wolfhound

106) Irish Wolfhound

The Irish Wolfhounds name comes from its place of origin. In Ireland, these dogs were bred to hunt wolves and in fact, did their jobs too well as they went extinct on the island. (Source)

Italian Greyhound
Italian Greyhound

107) Italian Greyhound

The Italian Greyhound came into its own during the renaissance in Italy. Owning miniature breeds was looked at as a symbol of wealth or nobility. (Source

Japanese Chin
Japanese Chin

108) Japanese Chin

The Japanese Chin was a breed that was used by Japanese noblemen. Chin refers to royalty, descendants of Chinese lap dogs. (Source)

Keeshond
Keeshond

109) Keeshond

The name origin for the Keeshond is up for debate. Some believe it is a reference to a patriot mascot dog named Kees. Others believe it’s a reference to two patriot leaders nicknamed Kees. (Source

Kerry Blue Terrier
Kerry Blue Terrier

110) Kerry Blue Terrier

The Kerry Blue Terrier is named for its place of origin in Ireland. Kerry is a county within Ireland. The breed also has a coat that starts blue and fades to grey. (Source)

Komondor
Komondor

111) Komondor

This Hungarian sheep dog’s name translates to the commander, which is how they are treated when taking care of a flock. (Source)

Kuvasz
Kuvasz

112) Kuvasz

The Kuvasz’s name comes from the Turkish Kawasz, armed guard of the nobility. This is a reference to its guarding abilities. (Source

Labrador Retriever
Labrador Retriever

113) Labrador Retriever

The Labrador retriever is named for Labrador, Canada. This is where English nobles first saw the breed. They were bred to retrieve waterfowl. (Source)

Lagotto Romagnolo
Lagotto Romagnolo

114) Lagotto Romagnolo

The Lagotto Romagnolo is an Italian breed that is named for its use in the field. In Italian Lago means lake. Romagnolo is a reference to the Italian region of Romagna. (Source)

Lakeland Terrier
Lakeland Terrier

115) Lakeland Terrier

The Lakeland Terrier is named for its place of origin. The breed was used in the lake district of northern England. (Source)

Leonberger
Leonberger

116) Leonberger

The Leonberger is named for its place of origin. Heinrich Essig developed the breed in Leonberg, Germany. (Source)

Lhasa Apso
Lhasa Apso

117) Lhasa Apso

Lhasa Apso is a breed from Tibet. Lhasa is the sacred city of Tibet and Apso translates to lion haired dog. (Source)

Lowchen
Lowchen

118) Lowchen

The name Lowchen is German meaning little lion.  The breed was popular throughout much of Europe since the middle ages. (Source)

Maltese
Maltese

119) Maltese

The Maltese are named for their place of origin Malta, an island south of Sicily. (Source)

Manchester Terrier (Standard)
Manchester Terrier (Standard)

120) Manchester Terrier (Standard)

The Manchester terrier is named for its place of origin. It was bred in Manchester, England as a rat dog and a rabbit hunter. (Source)

Manchester Terrier (Toy)
Manchester Terrier (Toy)

121) Manchester Terrier (Toy)

The Manchester terrier is named for its place of origin. It was bred in Manchester, England as a rat dog and a rabbit hunter. (Source)

Mastiff
Mastiff

122) Mastiff

The origin of the word Mastiff is up for debate. Many believe it derives from the Anglo-Saxon word masty, meaning powerful. (Source)

Miniature American Shepherd
Miniature American Shepherd

123) Miniature American Shepherd

Australian shepherds were brought to the United States to work in rodeos around the country. Those dogs were bred to make them smaller than they were originally and they became known as Miniature Australian Shepherds. 

After some time the name changed to reflect where the breed had originated and they became the Miniature American Shepherd. (Source)

Miniature Bull Terrier
Miniature Bull Terrier

124) Miniature Bull Terrier

The Miniature Bull Terrier is named for the breed that it was bred from. The full-sized Bull Terrier was bred from Bulldogs and Terriers. (Source)

Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinscher

125) Miniature Pinscher

Miniature Pinschers are named for their stature and appearance. Because of their appearance, they are often mistaken for miniature Doberman Pinschers. (Source)

Miniature Schnauzer
Miniature Schnauzer

126) Miniature Schnauzer

The Miniature Schnauzer is named for its predecessor the full-sized Schnauzer. (Source)

The standard Schnauzer is named for its snout. Schnauzer means whiskered shout. (Source)

Neapolitan Mastiff
Neapolitan Mastiff

127) Neapolitan Mastiff

The name for the Neopolitan Mastiff comes from its place of origin. This breed of mastiff hails from Naples, Italy. (Source)

Nederlandse Kooikerhondje
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

128) Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

The “Kooiker” is a Dutch breed whose name means small cager dog. (Source)

Newfoundland
Newfoundland

129) Newfoundland

The Newfoundland is named for its place of origin, Newfoundland. (Source)

Norfolk Terrier
Norfolk Terrier

130) Norfolk Terrier

The Norfolk terrier is named for its place of origin in Norfolk County in England. (Source)

No Photo Of A Norwegian Buhund

131) Norwegian Buhund

The Norwegian Buhund accompanied Nordic Vikings as they pillaged and plundered. The Bu translates to homestead or farm, Hund is dog.

So its full name means Norwegian farm dog. (Source)

Norwegian Elkhound
Norwegian Elkhound

132) Norwegian Elkhound

The Norwegian Elkhound gets its name from its job. It was bred to hunt elk and moose in the frigid climate of Norway. (Source)

Norwegian Lundehund
Norwegian Lundehund

133) Norwegian Lundehund

The Norwegian Lundehund is named for its place of origin and quarry. They were bred in Norway to be puffin hunters. Lund meaning Puffin Hund meaning hound. (Source)

Norwich Terrier
Norwich Terrier

134) Norwich Terrier

The Norwich Terrier is named for its place of origin, the city of Norwich, England. (Source)

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

135) Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers were bred in Nova Scotia for a very unique purpose. They would tollen meaning to lure ducks into shooting range by mimicking the activity of foxes. (Source)

Old English Sheepdog
Old English Sheepdog

136) Old English Sheepdog

The Old English Sheepdog or OES is a herding dog used to herd Cattle and Sheep. 

Though they are actually not one of the older breeds from England, they are one of the more famous breeds that England has to offer. (Source)

Otterhound
Otterhound

137) Otterhound

Otterhounds originated in England and were used to hunt otters for sport similar to foxes. They were so good that otters nearly went extinct. (Source)

Papillon
Papillon

138) Papillon

The Papillon was bred during the renaissance as companions for noblewomen in Europe the name Papillon means butterfly in French. (Source)

Parson Russell Terrier
Parson Russell Terrier

139) Parson Russell Terrier

The Parson Russell Terrier is named after John “the Sporting Parson” Russell. Russell created this breed of Terrier. (Source)

Pekingese
Pekingese

140) Pekingese

The Pekingese are named from their place of origin. Peking also means Beijing, where British troops first saw the breed. (Source)

Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Pembroke Welsh Corgi

141) Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is named for the breeding center from where it came in Pembroke Wales. Queen Elizabeth II has had one of this breed since 1933. (Source)

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

142) Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is a breed from France whose name roughly translates to small, low, shaggy dog of the Vendee. (Source)

Pharaoh Hound
Pharaoh Hound

143) Pharaoh Hound

The Pharaoh Hound originates from Maltese, where it is called Kelb tal-Fenek, or rabbit dog. Its name comes from its look, as it resembles the Egyptian God Anubis. (Source

No Photo For A Plott Hound

144) Plott Hound

The Plott Hound originated from a group of Hanover Hounds brought to the United States by Johannes Plott. The pack had a member known as Plott’s Hound. (Source)

Pointer
Pointer

145) Pointer

The Pointer is named for its job. It was bred to point out a hunter’s quarry. (Source)

Polish Lowland Sheepdog
Polish Lowland Sheepdog

146) Polish Lowland Sheepdog

The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is named for the lowland area of Poland from where it originates. It is also known as the PON, which is an acronym for its Polish name. (Source)

Pomeranian
Pomeranian

147) Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is named for its place of origin. Pomerania is a section of northeastern Europe that encompasses parts of Germany and Poland. (Source)

Poodle
Poodle

148) Poodle

The Poodle’s name comes from Germany where it was used as a duck hunter. The German word pudelin which means splashing in water. (Source)

Poodle
Poodle

149) Poodle (Toy)

The toy poodle is named for its larger cousin the poodle. Poodle comes from pudelin, which refers to splashing in water in German. (Source)

Portuguese Podengo Pequeno
Portuguese Podengo Pequeno

150) Portuguese Podengo Pequeno

The Portuguese Podengo Pequeno Is a small dog from Portugal. Its name means small rabbit hunter. (Source)

Portuguese Water Dog
Portuguese Water Dog

151) Portuguese Water Dog

This Portuguese breed is named for its job. They were used to help Portuguese fishermen. (Source)

Pug
Pug

152) Pug

One theory as to the origin of the pug’s name is that pug is based on the Latin word pugnus which means fist. This references the pug’s face looking like a clenched fist. (Source)

Puli
Puli

153) Puli

The Puli is an ancient Hungarian breed. Its name means Drover, and Destroyer. (Source)

Pumi
Pumi

154) Pumi

The Pumi is closely related to the Puli and has some German breeds influence as well. The name Pumi is a reference to the Influences the German breeds had on this breed. (Source)

Pyrenean Shepherd
Pyrenean Shepherd

155) Pyrenean Shepherd

The Pyrenean Shepherd is named for the Pyrenees mountain range that they herded sheep up and down for perhaps centuries. They often worked with the Great Pyrenees. (Source)

Rat Terrier
Rat Terrier

156) Rat Terrier

The rat terriers name sums up its trade. They were bred to kill rats. (Source)

Redbone Coonhound
Redbone Coonhound

157) Redbone Coonhound

The Redbone Coonhound’s name comes from its beautiful red coat. They were bred to hunt racoons in the United States. (Source)

Rhodesian Ridgeback
Rhodesian Ridgeback

158) Rhodesian Ridgeback

The Rhodesian Ridgeback gets its name from its creator Cornelius Van Rooyen. Van Rooyen was from Rhodesia and introduced two ridged greyhound-esqe dogs into his lion hunting pack.

The offspring eventually became the Rhodesian Ridgebacks. (Source)

Rottweiler
Rottweiler

159) Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is named for the German town of Rottweil. The Breed were cattle herders here. (Source)

Russell Terrier
Russell Terrier

160) Russell Terrier

The Russell Terrier is named for its heritage. They come from a line of Terriers owned and created by John Russell, just as the Parson Russell Terrier is. (Source)

Saint Bernard
Saint Bernard

161) Saint Bernard

This breed is named for monk Bernard of Menthon. Bernard established a hospice that produced these dogs. (Source)

Saluki
Saluki

162) Saluki

The Saluki name and origin is disputed as it is an ancient breed of dog. Some believe the name comes from the Arabic word Seleucia, a city in present-day Iraq, though this is disputed. (Source)

Samoyed
Samoyed

163) Samoyed

The Samoyed is named for the Samoyede people of Asia who developed the breed. (Source)

Schipperke
Schipperke

164) Schipperke

This Belgian dockyard dog’s name means little captain in Flemish. (Source)

Scottish Deerhound
Scottish Deerhound

165) Scottish Deerhound

The Scottish Deerhound is named for its place of origin. In Scotland, they were used to hunt large red deer. (Source)

Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

166) Scottish Terrier

The Scottish Terrier is named for its place of origin, Scotland. (Source)

Sealyham Terrier
Sealyham Terrier

167) Sealyham Terrier

The Sealyham Terrier is named for its place of origin. This breed was started at the Sealy Ham Estate in southwest Wales. (Source)

Shetland Sheepdog
Shetland Sheepdog

168) Shetland Sheepdog

The Shetland Sheepdog is named for the island from which it was bred. The Shetland Islands in the northern part of the United Kingdom is where this breed originates.(Source)

Shiba Inu
Shiba Inu

169) Shiba Inu

The Shiba Inu comes from Japan. Shiba means brushwood and Inu dog. (Source)

Shih Tzu
Shih Tzu

170) Shih Tzu

The Shih Tzu’s name in Chinese means lion dog. Lions being important to the Buddhist deity. (Source)

Siberian Husky
Siberian Husky

171) Siberian Husky

The Siberian Husky is named for its place of origin. They were bred out of necessity in Northeast Asia by the Chukchi. (Source)

Silky Terrier
Silky Terrier

172) Silky Terrier

The Silky Terriers name is a reference to its coat. The coat can be described as silky. (Source

Skye Terrier
Skye Terrier

173) Skye Terrier

The Skye terrier is named for its place of origin. They were bred on the isle of Skye Scotland. (Source)

Sloughi
Sloughi

174)  Sloughi

The Sloughi is another ancient breed whose origin has been lost in time. However, we do know that Sloughi in Arabic translates to Greyhound. (Source)

Smooth Fox Terrier
Smooth Fox Terrier

175) Smooth Fox Terrier

The Smooth Fox Terrier is named for its coat and its quarry. They were bred to hunt foxes in England. (Source)

Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

176) Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

The soft coated wheaten terrier is named for its coat. The soft coat comes in a wheaten color. (Source)

Spanish Water Dog
Spanish Water Dog

177) Spanish Water Dog

The Spanish Water Dog was used as both a sheepherder and a waterfowl retriever. This is what its name comes from, along with its Origin in Spain. (Source)

Spinone Italiano
Spinone Italiano

178) Spinone Italiano

The Spinone Italiano is an Italian breed. Spinone is a reference to pino, which is a thorny underbrush in Italy. (Source)

Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Staffordshire Bull Terrier

179) Staffordshire Bull Terrier

The Staffordshire bull terrier is named for a place that it was particularly popular. They were the rage in Staffordshire England. (Source)

Standard Schnauzer
Standard Schnauzer

180) Standard Schnauzer

The standard Schnauzer is named for its snout. Schnauzer means whiskered shout. (Source)

Sussex Spaniel
Sussex Spaniel

181) Sussex Spaniel

The Sussex Spaniel is named for its place of origin. In Sussex England this breed to hunt fowl. (Source)

Swedish Vallhund
Swedish Vallhund

182) Swedish Vallhund

The Swedish Vallhund originates from Sweden. Its name in Swedish translated to Shepherd Dog.

The Vallhund has been a part of Swedish farmers for centuries. (Source)

Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan Mastiff 

183) Tibetan Mastiff 

The Tibetan Mastiff is named for its place of origin, Tibet. (Source)

Tibetan Spaniel
Tibetan Spaniel

184) Tibetan Spaniel

The Tibetan Spaniel is named for its place of origin. This is one of three breeds from Tibet in the non-sporting group. (Source)

Tibetan Terrier
Tibetan Terrier

185) Tibetan Terrier

The Tibetan terrier is named from where it originates. It is not, however, an actual terrier. (Source)

Toy Fox Terrier
Toy Fox Terrier

186) Toy Fox Terrier

The Toy Fox terrier gets its name from its size and where the breed comes from. They were bred from Smooth Fox Terriers and other toy breeds to get a smaller sized dog. (Source)

Treeing Walker Coonhound
Treeing Walker Coonhound

187) Treeing Walker Coonhound

The Treeing Walker Coonhound’s name comes from a few things. Treeing is a reference to the dogs scaring their quarry up a tree (quarry refers to the animal being hunted). 

Thomas Walker was instrumental in the development of the breed. Finally, these were built to hunt raccoons in the United States. (Source)

Vizsla
Vizsla

188) Vizsla

The Vizsla is named for what it was bred to do. In Hungarian, its name translates to searcher or tracker.  (Source)

Weimaraner
Weimaraner

189) Weimaraner

The Weimaraner is named for its place of origin. German Grand Duke Karl August developed the breed in Weimar, where he held court. (Source)

Welsh Springer Spaniel
Welsh Springer Spaniel

190) Welsh Springer Spaniel

This Welsh breed of Spaniel is named for its job of springing or scaring out fowl. (Source)

Welsh Terrier
Welsh Terrier

191) Welsh Terrier

The Welsh Terrier is named for its place of origin in Wales. (Source)

West Highland White Terrier
West Highland White Terrier

192) West Highland White Terrier

The West Highland White Terrier is named for where the breed got its fame, the northwest area of Scotland. Its coat is also white, explaining the second part of its name. (Source)

Whippet
Whippet

193) Whippet

The speedy whippet gets its name from an antique word whappet, which means a small dog that yaps. (Source)

Wire Fox Terrier
Wire Fox Terrier

194) Wire Fox Terrier

The Wire Fox Terrier is a fox hunter named for its wiry coat. (Source)

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

195) Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

The Griffon is named for its coat and its job. With a harsh bristly coat, it was bred to point to a hunter’s quarry. (Source)

Wirehaired Vizsla
Wirehaired Vizsla

196) Wirehaired Vizsla

In Hungarian Vizsla means to search or hunt. This breed has a harsh wire-like coat. (Source)

Xoloitzcuintli
Xoloitzcuintli

197) Xoloitzcuintli

The Xoloitzcuintli is an ancient dog loved by the Aztecs. The breed is named for the Aztec god Xolotl. (Source)

Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier

198) Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire terrier is named for its place of origin. The breed was developed in Yorkshire and Lancashire England. (Source)

Final Thoughts

I hope you enjoyed this information about the origins of each dog breeds name.

Once again, if you have any insight into the name of a particular breed please put your comment in the comment section down below.

Other Articles You Should Check Out If You Like To Learn

Donnie Gardner

Donnie Gardner is the owner of the Boston Terrier Society. He has been raising Bella the Boston since 2010. He resides in Kansas with his wife, daughter, and Bella. His favorite activities are hanging out with family, traveling, running (but has bad knees), and reading non-fiction books.

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